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Up in Flames: Antiplatelet Therapy in Patients with Stable Ischemic Heart Disease Receiving Anticoagulation for A-fib

January 3, 2020

Antiplatelet therapy is a mainstay treatment for the prevention of recurrent cardiovascular events in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Anticoagulation therapy is the cornerstone of therapy for most patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). AF and CAD are frequent comorbid conditions, occurring in 20-30% of patients with stable CAD. Unfortunately, combining antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapy increases the risk of major bleeding over 50% compared to anticoagulation alone. Recent real-world observational data suggest that direct oral anticoagulation (DOACs) therapy can reduce cardiovascular event rates. This begs the question: In patients with stable CAD and AF, is combination therapy necessary or is anticoagulation monotherapy sufficient?  The AFIRE study attempted to address this important clinical question.

Guest Authors: Alina Kukin, PharmD and Zachary R. Noel, PharmD, BCCP

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