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Will Riva Be Defeated By It’s (Long-Standing) Nemesis, Apixa?

Will Riva Be Defeated By It’s (Long-Standing) Nemesis, Apixa?

June 19, 2020

Do we finally have enough evidence to establish a preferred direct-acting oral anticoagulant (DOAC) for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation? The use of DOACs for a-fib has rapidly increased due to their ease of use and favorable safety profile. The AHA/ACC/HRS and CHEST guidelines now recommend DOACs over warfarin for stroke prevention in a-fib, but do not state a preference for one DOAC over another. Factor Xa inhibitors, specifically apixaban and rivaroxaban, are the most commonly prescribed DOACs suggesting they are preferred by clinicians in real-world practice but is one better than the other?

Guest Authors: Amy D. Robertson, PharmD, BCACP and Michelle Balli, PharmD, BCACP

Music by Good Talk

Secondary Stroke Prevention in A-Fib: Do DOACs PROSPER in High-Risk Patients?

Secondary Stroke Prevention in A-Fib: Do DOACs PROSPER in High-Risk Patients?

November 22, 2019

Several guidelines now recommend direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) as the preferred anticoagulants for patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (a-fib). However, the landmark clinical trials focused largely on the primary prevention of stroke.  Moreover, real-world data using DOACs for secondary prevention is lacking. Many have argued that warfarin might be a better choice in these high-risk patients because it requires routine monitoring and increases the patient’s contact with the healthcare system. Does the choice of anticoagulant make a difference in preventing recurrent stroke?

Guest Authors: Blaire White, PharmD; Amber Cizmic, PharmD, BCACP; and Tish Smith, PharmD, BCACP

Music by Good Talk

Another Attempt to ARRIVE at an Answer Using Aspirin for Primary Prevention

Another Attempt to ARRIVE at an Answer Using Aspirin for Primary Prevention

December 14, 2018

Daily low-dose aspirin has long been considered a “wonder drug” for its cardioprotective effects, particularly in patients with pre-existing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease; however, despite decades of research, the use of aspirin to prevent a first event is less certain. In 2014, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) responded to a citizen petition requesting the labeled indications for low dose aspirin be updated to include primary prevention. The FDA concluded that the evidence “fail[ed] to establish that aspirin reduces the risk of primary myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with a coronary heart disease (CHD) risk of 10% or more for over 10 years.” The Asprin to Reduce Risk of Initial Vascular Events (ARRIVE) study is intended to address this gap in our knowledge.

Guest Authors:  Amy St. Amand, PharmD, BCPS and Christine Borowy, PharmD, BCPS

Music by Good Talk

Top Ten Things Every Clinician Should Know About the 2017 Hypertension Guidelines

Top Ten Things Every Clinician Should Know About the 2017 Hypertension Guidelines

December 15, 2017

We interview Eric MacLaughlin, Joseph Saseen, and Kristin Rieser about the ACC/AHA Guidelines for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Adults released in November 2017.  Dr. MacLaughin, a member of the Guideline Writing Committee, gives a insiders view of the guidelines development process and explains the rationale for lower blood pressure goals.  Drs. Saseen and Rieser talk about some of the practical considerations that we all must consider as we move forward to making these recommendations a reality.

Guests:  Kristin Rieser, Pharm.D., Joseph Saseen, Pharm.D, and Eric MacLaughlin, Pharm.D.

Music by Good Talk

Peeling Back the Layers on Coated Aspirin

Peeling Back the Layers on Coated Aspirin

April 14, 2017

More than 15 million Americans have coronary heart disease and most should be taking aspirin daily.  Given aspirin’s ubiquity in cardiovascular medicine and patients’ pill boxes, it is shocking that there are still so many unanswered questions about aspirin use. Which dose and dosage forms should be prescribed?  How common is aspirin resistance?  What is the relationship between platelet inhibition and clinical outcomes?

Guest Author:  Daniela Valencia, Pharm.D.

Theme Music by Good Talk

Crossing the Periprocedural Bridge in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

Crossing the Periprocedural Bridge in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

March 25, 2016

For over two decades LMWHs have been routinely used to provide therapeutic coverage in patients who must temporarily stop warfarin. Current guidelines suggest using injectable anticoagulants during warfarin interruption (aka bridging) in patients with atrial fibrillation based on patients’ risk of arterial thrombosis. Using the CHADS2 score to assess risk, the guidelines recommend (grade 2C) bridge therapy if the CHADS2 score is 5 or higher and not bridging if the CHADS2 score is 2 or lower. But what about patients with a CHADS2 score of 3 or 4?

Taking a CHANCE on Clopidogrel Plus Aspirin to Prevent Stroke Recurrence

Taking a CHANCE on Clopidogrel Plus Aspirin to Prevent Stroke Recurrence

October 30, 2015

The CHANCE (Clopidogrel in High risk patients with Acute Non-disabling Cerebrovascular Events) trial investigators examine whether patients who have a TIA or mini-stroke should receive aspirin AND clopidogrel to reduce the risk of recurrent stroke.

Managing Direct Oral Anticoagulants – What’s Our Role?

Managing Direct Oral Anticoagulants – What’s Our Role?

September 18, 2015

Many clinicians are questioning the role pharmacists play in anticoagulation therapy management as direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) increasingly replace warfarin for a variety of indications. A recent study examined medication adherence and therapy management practices at Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patient care sites. Although this study does not have all the answers, it does reveal the importance of patient selection and ongoing patient monitoring – potentially key roles for pharmacists.

Folic Acid: A Simple Answer to a Very Large Problem?

Folic Acid: A Simple Answer to a Very Large Problem?

July 24, 2015

Stroke is responsible for 1 in 19 deaths in the United States and is the leading cause of long-term disability.  Could something as simple and cheap as folic acid substantially reduce the risk of stroke?  The China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial examined this important question.

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