Vitamin D and fish oil (aka omega-3 fatty acids) were the most widely used vitamin and nutritional supplement in 2011-2012. Both have been commonly touted for their potential benefits in reducing cancer and cardiovascular disease. While vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acid supplements are wildly popular, the evidence supporting their health benefits is inconclusive and inconsistent. The VITAL study sought to determine whether vitamin D and/or marine omega-3 fatty acids can prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer when used by the general population.
Guest Authors: Anthony M Todd, PharmD; Sean E Smithgall, PharmD, BCACP; and Nicole A Slater, PharmD, BCACP
Music by Good Talk
Aspirin is no doubt beneficial in patients with overt vascular disease for the secondary prevention of myocardial infarction, stroke, or cardiovascular death. However, evidence supporting use of aspirin for primary prevention in patients who have not had a cardiovascular event is far less compelling. The clinical uncertainty of aspirin use for the primary prevention of CV events in patients with diabetes is reflected in the different recommendations in current guidelines. The investigators of the ASCEND (A Study of Cardiovascular Events in Diabetes) trial set out to determine the safety and efficacy of daily aspirin use in patients with diabetes without known occlusive arterial disease.
Podcast Case: ASA Use in DM - Evidence ASCENDing?
Guest Author: Kirstie Perry, Pharm.D.
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For the treatment of cancer-associated VTE, LMWHs are recommended over warfarin (Grade 2B) and DOACs (all Grade 2C). Warfarin therapy in cancer-associated VTE is often made more difficult by wildly fluctuating international normalized ratios, procedure-related interruptions, as well as numerous drug-drug and drug-food interactions. While DOACs have been widely used in the treatment of VTE, there is very little data supporting their use in patients with active cancer until now with the publication of the Hokusai VTE Cancer study.
Guest Authors: Elizabeth Scheffel, PharmD and Christa George, PharmD, BCPS, BCACP, CDE
Music by Good Talk
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States. Screening is imperative because the early stages of CRC are often asymptomatic.Colonoscopy is an effective and widely employed screening option for CRC. Suboptimal bowel preparation is a problem in more than 20% of colonoscopy procedures, which reduces adenoma detection rates (ADR). Day-before, split-dose, and same-day regimens are options for colon cleansing prior to a colonoscopy. Is one better than another in terms of tolerability and colorectal cancer detection?
“Slip! Slop! Slap! And Wrap!®”, the slogan created by the American Cancer Society is a catchphrase intended to attract the public’s attention, raise awareness of the dangers of ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and promote prevention against skin cancer. Despite public awareness campaigns, the incident of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), including both basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), continues to climb — quite rapidly. They are the most common cancers in the United States. Given the significant and growing morbidity, mortality, and economic burden ofNMSC, finding effective preventative measures are of great interest.
Several studies have evaluated the correlation
between low-dose aspirin and NSAID use and the development of colorectal
cancer. In 2007, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against the use aspirin for the
prevention of colorectal cancer in most adults. However, there is
mounting evidence that daily, long-term aspirin use may prevent colorectal
cancer in patients aged 50-69. Could something as simple as an
aspirin a day prevent colon CA?